Indiana University
Archive of Traditional Music

Index of Brazil, Bahia. Antony Leeds 1951-1952.

Anthony Leeds (1925-1989) studied anthropology at Columbia University (B.A., 1949; Ph.D., 1957). He recorded Afro-Bahian folk and popular music; sung in Portuguese and an unidentified African language, in Salvador and Uruçuca (40 km NW of Ilheus) from June, 1951 to February, 1952. The collection consists in 11 wire recordings : analog, 24 ips, mono. ; 2 7/8 in. x 5/8 in. Accompanied by program notes in English prepared by Leeds.

54-073-F

EJW

ATL no.shelf no.
track no.item no.durationdescription
18706 ATL 371 10:17 Capoeira, performed by Valdemar Rodrigues da Paixão (vocals) accompanied by Antonio Messias dos Santos (berimbau) and unidentified musicians (tambourine, caxixi). Lyrics for this tune are about canganceiros (bandits). Recorded in Salvador, Bahia in June or July of 1951.
2   3:13 Capoeira without vocals, performed by Antonio Messias (berimbau) and unidentified musicians (tambourine, caxixi). Also recorded Salvador, Bahia, in June or July of 1951. [continued]
3   23:28 Marujada (Portuguese naval songs) performed by Lazaro (vocal leader) and a large group of men and boys, accompanying themselves with tambourines. Text for this genre of songs relates a series of events concerning a person or persons; these may be Marujada of the Prisoner. Recorded in Uruçuca, Bahia in October or November of 1951.
4 ATL 372 3:19 Continuation of Marujada performance that began on ATL 371
5   3:54 Continuation of Marujada performance that began on ATL 371
6   3:46 Continuation of Marujada performance that began on ATL 371
7   3:31 Continuation of Marujada performance that began on ATL 371
8   9:42 Continuation of Marujada performance that began on ATL 371
9   2:19 Continuation of Marujada performance that began on ATL 371
10   5:17 Continuation of Marujada performance that began on ATL 371
11   5:39 Continuation of Marujada performance that began on ATL 371
18707 ATL 373 9:17 Continuation of Marujada performance that began on ATL 371
2   4:46 Continuation of Marujada performance that began on ATL 371
3   2:39 Continuation of Marujada performance that began on ATL 371
4   3:20 Capoeira. Recorded in Salvador, Bahia in June or July of 1951. Second part of recordings that are found on ATL 371.
5   8:50 June 1951. Birthday celebration of Pedro Ramos (janitor) in Salvador, Bahia. Popular songs including several samba negras. Instruments include tambourines, bottles hit with knives, and back-to-back spoons. The dancers are women, who sing as well as take turns being the central dancer.
6 ATL 374 6:00 Introduction by Paxão, the local office assistant at the Foundation for the Development of Science. Followed by a song.
7   2:15

Day of Our Lady of Conception, patroness of Uruçuca. Special Mass conducted by the Bishop of the Diocese, Benedeto Zorzi, accompanied by two other priests: Padre Nestor of Itabuna (one of the principal towns of the region) and Padre José Titoni (an Italian, irregularly a parish priest in Uruçuca. Eight hundred to one thousand people in attendance. Since the priest were late, records were broadcast over the church PA and several samples of these were recorded. Musical selections emphasized due to lack of wire for recording. Instruments include organ, violin, children’s choir (coro infantil) and the Brotherhood chorus.

A samba negra.
December 8, 1951. Uruçuca, Bahia.

8   2:14 Samples of records played over loudspeaker before mass began, including Indian Love Call. Announcement.
9   3:13 Entrance Hymn. Children’s choir, bells, and organ.
10   3:49 Priests and choir chanting with bells and organ accompaniment.
11   1:37 Priest chants a prayer. Choir response.
12   2:08 Priest chanting.
13   0:54 Priest chanting.
14   4:05 Children’s choir sings.
15   3:20 Children’s choir sings.
16   2:28 Priest and choir chanting.
18708 ATL 375 2:30 Sanctus. Continuation of material found on ATL 18707.
2 2 1:25 “Benedictus...”
3 3 1:40 Priest chanting.
4 4 1:13 Agnus Dei.
5 5 3:55 Priest chanting.
6 6 1:56 Singing by Brotherhood Chorus.
7 7 1:53

July 1951. Alvaro Nacimento, Ivone Marques, Vitória Lima, Almir (at the Pensão Progresso Familiar, Uruçuca. Recorder had problems with current. Informal Songfest recorded. Alvaro speaks and sings initial songs.

Alvaro nacimento singing a samba. Says “this samba is a tribute to Senhorita Ivone”. Later references his advertising activities by imitating an advertisement.

8 8 1:33 Alvaro Nacimento singing a samba he claims to be of his own composition entitled Companheiro.
9 9 1:25 Male-female vocal duet with guitar. First line: “Quanto tempo passa...”
10 10 1:50 Song: “Não direi a ninguém”
11 11 1:31 Alvaro Nacimento singing a samba he claims to be of his own composition entitled Sorrir.
12 12 2:04 Singer identified as Quilates (?). Song called Somos Dois.
13 13 8:32 Marujada. Continuation of performance that began on previous ATL 371, ATL 372, and ATL 373.
14 14 1:39 Return to Alvaro and Almir. Possibly also Cinhosinho.
15 15 2:26 Another song. First line “A todo amor...”
16 ATL 376 3:00 Continuation of Alvaro and company. Problems with recorder as a result of power instabilities. Several snippets of false starts.
17 2 4:35 Another song (different singer: “Mais eu gosto tanto...”
18 3 0:40

Altofalante (loudspeaker). The loudspeaker that Alvaro owned and operated.

A sample of the recordings and messages he would broadcast on the speaker for advertising during the course of the day and on public occasions.

19 4 2:04 Humberto, the postmaster joins Alvaro around the loudspeaker and joins the song cycle. Accompanied by unknown player on accordion. Note that the recorder breaks down, again power troubles.
20 5 1:54 Another song by Humberto.
21 6 4:46 Same song as track 17, but slower. Could be a problem with the machine speed. Shorter version of the song.
22 7 0:30 Another sample loudspeaker announcement.
23 8 3:43 Another song recorded with tape speed problems.
24 9 4:21 Song: Bromas (?)
25 9 3:08 Guitar and violin duet
26 11 4:00 Two guitars and vocals. Song by Dick Farney (?); first line: “Contigo y voce se.” [more probably “Contigo eu vou ser...” (feliz?) — PBr.]
18709 ATL 377 4:1 Song with two guitars and vocals. Continuation of material found on ATL 18708.
2   0:33 Portuguese conversation between songs.
3   2:09 Female vocal and guitar. Firs word is “Saudade”
4   2:05 Male vocal and guitar.
5   2:13 Samba. “Meu coração não sei por que...” [the famous chôo Carinhoso by Pixinguinha and Barroso —PBr.]
6   2:14 Song with guitar and vocal.
7   2:58 Porta Bela. Vocal with guitar.
8   3:01 Song with guitar and vocal.
9   1:30 Song with guitar and vocal.
18710 ATL 970 3:37 Baia Male and female vocal duet and guitar [Bahia ? —PBr.]
2   3:01 Despedida. Sung by Cinhosinho. Described as a “fox” (Common South American reference to ‘fox-trot’, swung rythm).
3   4:22 Copacabana. Samba made famous by Dick Farney. Zeto Pilates (?), vocals and Almir on guitar (violão)
4   2:24 Baia Com (?). Vitória Lima on vocals.
5   3:41 Samba with Almir on guitar.
6   2:50 Bolero sung by Vitória Lima.
7   3:38 Song. Cinhosinho on vocals, Almir on guitar.
8   3:05 Samba made famous by Dick Farney played by Almir.
9   3:35 Song. Fox rhythm.
10 ATL 971 3:29 Perfidia. Male vocal, guitar accompaniment. Preceded by announcement in Portuguese. Interrupted.
11   3:45 Random microphone testing (“Alo, alo”) followed by a song in Baião style, including accordion.
12   3:09 Another song in Baião style. Performer identified on next track by radio announcer as Luis Gonzaga.
13   8:16 Radio announcement followed by a speech. Speech praises soldiers and talks about past dates in relation to Bahia. Interrupted by electrical noise.
14   3:38 Discurso de Carlos Speech by Carlos. Very distorted.
15   0:51 Microphone testing followed by a radio orchestra playing a fragment of Slaughter on 10th Ave.
16   1:56 Another speech. Includes references to partido (either political party or soccer game).
17   2:07 Male vocal, guitar accompaniment. Interrupted.
18   1:26 Male vocal, guitar accompaniment. Includes lyric “minha carta” (my letter)
19   1:48 Waltz. Male vocal, guitar accompaniment. Melody is whistled.
18711 ATL 972 5:39

Radio Advertisements: including ads for Pharmacy San Miguel, Clothing store Casa Francisco Mora, Sorbeteria Santo Antonio, Agencia Victoria, and others.

2   4:25 Radio Advertisements continue but recording begins to have problems; including level changes and drop-outs.
3   3:07 Sertaneja. Song by male vocalist and guitarist. Ending fades out.
4   3:16 Sertaneja. Another take of the same song by male vocalist and guitarist.
5   0:52 Another song by male vocalist and guitarist. Performer abruptly stops.
6   3:16 Another song by male vocalist and guitarist. Whistles a portion of the tune.
7   3:47 Another song by male vocalist and guitarist. Interrupted by noise.
8   1:50 Another song by male vocalist. A capella.
9   2:53 Another song by male vocalist and guitarist. Whistles a portion of the tune.
10 ATL 973 1:39 Voices and clapping.
11   0:41 Speech and Announcement.
12   3:30 Pandeiro, voices and clapping. Same rythm as track 11.
13   0:38 Speech announcement.
14   1:23 A capella song.
15   0:51 Announcement introducing the next track as a samba.
16   6:11 Song. Vocals, pandeiro and other percussion.

note: when an ATL number or a shelf number show in their place, track number or item number are implicitely 1.

Local note: wire 6--16; EC 1038--1048

Indiana University, Bloomington. Archives of Traditional Music.
Anotated by Pol Briand polbrian@wanadoo.fr